Rome modern history (1500 to today)

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Rome through the ages: a journey from the Renaissance to modern times

Embark on a fascinating journey through the centuries and discover Rome’s rich history from the Renaissance to the present. Rome is famous for its ancient wonders, but the city has evolved to embrace the Renaissance, Baroque opulence and dynamic modern spirit. In this guide we invite you to explore the dynamic web of Roman history from the 16th century to the present.

Renaissance: The 16th century saw a revival of art and culture in Rome. Begin your trip with a visit to Vatican City, where the Sistine Chapel, decorated with Michelangelo’s masterpieces, is a testament to the brilliance of the Renaissance. Explore the architectural wonders of St. Peter’s Basilica and the Vatican Museums, which reflect the city’s Renaissance splendor.

Baroque: The Baroque left an indelible mark on Rome, transforming its streets and squares into theater stages. Visit the famous Piazza Navona, decorated with Bernini’s Four Rivers Fountain, and the majestic Trevi Fountain, a Baroque masterpiece that has become a symbol of the city. Enter the Church of Sant’Ivo alla Sapienza and admire Borromini’s innovative Baroque architecture.

The Pope’s Legacy: Learn about the history of the Papal States and the impact of the Pope’s rule on the city. Visit the impressive Castel Sant’Angelo, a papal residence converted into a fortress, and the elegant Quirinal Palace, the official residence of the President of the Italian Republic.

Important for travelers to Rome: We have only ever seen queues in Europe that are hundreds of meters long or several hours long in Rome. This is especially true for St. Peter’s Basilica, the Colosseum and the Vatican Museums. Be sure to buy skip-the-line tickets online beforehand and skip the queue!: There are such tickets on this link

Neoclassical: Discover landmarks such as the monumental Altare della Patria and the neoclassical beauty of the Piazza del Popolo as Rome embraced neoclassicism in the 18th and 19th centuries. These structures reflect a move away from the ornate Baroque style and a return to classical simplicity.

World War II and Reconstruction: Gain insight into Rome’s experiences during World War II, when the city was bombed and occupied. Visit the Museo della Liberazione, a former prison commemorating the Italian resistance. Witness the city’s resilience in the post-war period as landmarks such as the Colosseum and Roman Forum are rebuilt.

Modern Rome: Immerse yourself in the vibrant energy of modern Rome. Explore the trendy Trastevere and Testaccio neighborhoods, where historic charm meets modern flair. Visit MAXXI (National Museum of 21st Century Arts), a state-of-the-art architectural masterpiece that houses contemporary art exhibitions.

Rome’s journey through the centuries unfolds in a fascinating story full of artistic excellence, political intrigue and cultural development. From the Renaissance to the present, every era has left its mark on the cityscape. As you explore Rome’s diverse history, you will discover a city that perfectly blends its ancient roots with the dynamic pulse of modern life.

Our 3 articles on the history of Rome:

Rome in antiquity

Rome in the Middle Ages

Rome in modern times (1500 to today)

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